The hard hat which has become a symbol of the semi-autonomous Chinese city's summer of discontent can be found at any hardware store, but his full-face gas mask retails online at around $200, just over 15% of his monthly salary. Fortunately, the 26-year-old received his for free, bought with donations from a crowdfunding campaign supporting the ongoing anti-government protests. Originally sparked by opposition to a now-suspended extradition bill, the unrest — now in its 11th week — has expanded to include a range of demands tapping into longstanding frustrations over stalled political reform and economic injustice in Hong Kong. Tse lives in Sham Shui Po, Hong Kong's poorest neighborhood. In the most expensive city on Earth, where apartments can cost 21 times the average yearly wage, hundreds of thousands of people cram into tiny subdivided flats and "cage homes" barely big enough for a bunk bed. Sham Shui Po has become a key battleground during the protests, with multiple clashes between protesters and police. On Wednesday, police warned residents to close their windows before they deployed tear gas to disperse a relatively small crowd which had gathered following demonstrations which shut down the city's airport on Monday and Tuesday. Earlier that night, CNN visited Tse's 140 square foot (13 square meter) apartment which he shares with his cat, Tai Kwan. Tse works as a courier for a law firm during the week, making around $1,300 per month. He spends $740 of that on rent, and he's proud of his apartment. Despite his place being expensive and cramped, he relishes the freedom it offers — rare for many working-class young people in Hong Kong who live with their parents until they have a family of their own. Earlier this year Tse moved out of his parent's home because he doesn't get along with his father. He said they fell out over politics.
Tse's political awakening came when he joined demands for the introduction of a universal pension scheme in Hong Kong — something that would have benefited many working-class families in Sham Shui Po. "I have seven years of experience in the pro-democracy movement," he said. He is now a supporter of Demosisto, the political party co-founded by activist Joshua Wong, which is closer to the mainstream than many of the groups taking part in the ongoing anti-government protests but still vehemently opposed to any move that would curtail the city's hard won freedoms. While Tse has taken part in "almost all" of the protests over the past two months, he denies committing any violent acts, saying he joins in on the frontlines to "construct barricades," "help the injured" and "save people from the police." "Personally, I completely disagree with violent acts, but I understand why they do them," Tse said. "They have been treated unfairly, the police have attacked protesters using extreme force."Since June 12, when police first used tear gas and rubber bullets to disperse protesters outside the city's legislature, there have been numerous accusations of police brutality, including by international human rights groups, and calls for an independent investigation. Police have pushed back, saying they only use force in response to protester violence.
Hotbed of anti-government feeling
While the protest movement may have its roots in the extradition bill and frustration with Hong Kong's semi-democratic system, economic and class concerns are not far from the surface. The richest 10% of Hong Kongers earn around 10 times Tse's monthly salary, which is already many times more than the city's poorest survive on. Tse and the young people who clashed with police on Wednesday in Sham Shui Po are a world apart from the business travelers and jet-setting rich who were inconvenienced by the airport shutdown. Many wealthier Hong Kongers also have the backup of a foreign passport, allowing them to leave should Beijing tire of the "one country, two systems" principle by which Hong Kong has been governed since sovereignty passed from British to Chinese rule in 1997. "The government should take from the rich and give to the poor so they can live in Hong Kong, too," Tse said. "The government has never done anything to promote social mobility, instead it has increased wealth disparity and made it more difficult for young people to buy an apartment."While Chief Executive Carrie Lam hasn't acknowledged that the financial stress on working and young people could be at the core of political discontent in Hong Kong, her advisers say she knows it is a problem.A senior government official told CNN on background that the government understands that much of Hong Kong's youth feels "hopeless." The 2016 census showed that youths are increasingly dropping out of the workforce. For those in work, salaries are not keeping up with ever-rising living costs, and there are fears of a brain drain of young people as the economic and political stresses drive people to move overseas. On Thursday,Read More – Source